Dziś jest sobota, 8th Maj 2021

Offset Agreement Deutsch

Roland Berger`s partner, J.G.J.G., says: „When the nuclear tax comes into force, companies will only be able to offset the consequences by reducing costs.” Foreign military sales are indirect sales of weapons manufactured by one or more U.S. contractors through a Department of Defense agency, the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). [28] [29] In some ways, DSCA acts as an agent of the First Contractor in the promotion and sale of U.S. weapons abroad. The well-known drawback of FMS is that DSCA adds a small percentage to the final selling price for its own management costs; The advantage is free training with U.S. forces for joint international operations. [30] However, in this type of sale, there are two important aspects in offset. The Norwegian Ministry of Defence is responsible for industrial cooperation agreements (ICIs) and monitoring agreements during their implementation. The threshold for clearing contract value is generally NOK 50 million (approximately 5.5 million euros). The offset quantity required is 100% of the market value and the multipliers are 1 to 5.

Note: Norway is not part of the European Union, but has joined the European Non-Voting Defence Agency. You can find procurement and offset policies online. For a sale to the Department of Defense of a foreign country, a U.S. defense company must be licensed. It is controlled by the Department of Defense and the State Department and, in the event of relevant sales, is authorized or opposed by the U.S. Congress. Direct commercial distribution is heavily regulated for security, political and commercial reasons. Even from the point of view of indirect and non-military offset agreements, U.S.

defense companies and their subcontractors (offset) must submit a detailed report on their flyer activities to the Department of Commerce, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS). [27] Indirect offsets are ancillary agreements that are not directly related to the purchase/sale of products/services. Most people refer to this category of offsets as civil offsets, although there are many indirect offsets that are not civilian offsets. Indirect offsets can take the form of services, investments, counter-exchanges and/or co-production. For example, Greek companies produce part of the Lockheed C-130 that they purchased in the United States. The Greek co-production is an American offset. Or Portugal, in a more sophisticated form of offset involving three countries, is responsible for the maintenance of Kuwaiti Lockheed Martin aircraft. This is a Portuguese „direct replacement” as Portugal has purchased the aircraft and is a maintenance partner. [18] An investment in a Romanian security software company or export and marketing support in difficult sectors of a Belgian environmental company are other forms of real indirect compensation. 1. In the case of offsets, two contracts are parallel, i.e.

primary (A) and secondary (B) contracts: Bahrain does not have a compensation policy. The kingdom imports about 80% of its weapons from the United States via FMS, and the rest of the arms acquisition comes from the United Kingdom. However, a specific offset policy is expected shortly. [44] In 2005, the government introduced a defence procurement procedure that was revised in 2006, 2008, 2011, 2013 and, more recently, 2016. [59] A new round of changes is underway (in 2018). [60] The offset policy requires foreign suppliers to spend at least 30% of the market value in India.

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